The role of self-control in understanding aggressive ideations and behaviors: An experience sampling method study

The role of self-control in understanding aggressive ideations and behaviors: An experience sampling method study

The role of self-control in understanding aggressive ideations and behaviors: An experience sampling method study

Individual presentation22S├ębastien Urben, CHUV, Switzerland

Room 4BThu 14:00 - 15:30

Objective:
Through an experience sampling method (ESM), we aimed to examine the associations between aggressive ideations and behaviors in the everyday life as well as the role of processes related to self-regulation (i.e., self-control, ego depletion and emotional reactivity).

Method:
Sixty-two adolescent males undertook a baseline measure of aggression, violent ideations and an ESM assessment including four measures per day (i.e., aggressive ideations, behaviors, emotional reactivity, anger rumination, and self-control) for nine consecutive days (weekends excluded).

Results:
Aggressive ideations, in daily life, are explained by more negative emotions in the previous day (i.e., lag 4 of anger), lower self-control and stronger anger rumination. Aggressive behaviors in daily life are explained by higher anger rumination as well as by the aggressive ideations from the previous measure. Higher self-control is related to lower probability of aggressive behavior. The higher values of inter-individual variability in violent ideation (i.e., trait) is associated to higher probability of both aggressive ideation and behaviors.

Conclusion:
This study highlights the link between aggressive ideations and behaviors as well as the role of self-control in understanding aggressivity. Furthermore, we observed how anger (i.e., reactivity as well as rumination) plays an important role in aggressive ideations and behaviors in daily life. Thus, this study highlights the usefulness of using daily-life approach to understand the complex interrelationships between aggressive ideations, self-regulation and aggressive behaviors.
Co-authors: Lauriane Constantly, Seterah Ranjbar, Giorgia Miano, Fiorella Turri, Caroline Lepage, Kerstin Jessica Plessen

Assessment and treatment of young and/or adolescent offenders
adolescents, ecological momentary assessment, externalizing symptoms, self-regulation
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