Social Brain responses in Antisocial Behavior Development

Social Brain responses in Antisocial Behavior Development

Social Brain responses in Antisocial Behavior Development

Individual presentation112Ilse van de Groep, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Room 1CWed 10:45 - 12:15

Over the past few years, many efforts have been made to understand why some youth persist over time in showing antisocial behavior, whereas others do not. While various imaging studies have shown functional and structural impairments that may contribute to these different developmental trajectories, it is surprisingly that these studies often fail to consider that people do not act in a social vacuum, and specifically that one of the key features of antisocial behavior is that perpetrators often act in disregard of others. Here, we present results from 3 social information processing studies, in which we examined whether developmental heterogeneity can be explained by the social mechanisms of self-concept evaluation and reactive aggression (in response to social evaluation) and their neural correlates. Throughout this talk, we will use fMRI data from young adults with a childhood-onset history of antisocial behavior (n = 55) and young adults without a history of antisocial behavior (n = 40). We will show (1) how self-concept evaluation and aggression in response to social evaluations differ in these samples, (2) how these differences are reflected in differential neural activation in social brain regions such as the medial prefrontal cortex and (3) how these two social evaluative processes and their neural correlates relate to each other. This will help us to gain a better understanding of whether social mechanisms drive multi-finality in antisocial behavior, and whether this should be incorporated into prevention and intervention efforts.
Co-author(s): Marieke Bos, Lucres Nauta-Jansen, Arne Popma, Eveline A. Crone

Neurobiological & - psychological intervention studies
antisocial behaviour
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