Risk profiles among juvenile justice-involved youth and associations with adverse childhood experiences

Risk profiles among juvenile justice-involved youth and associations with adverse childhood experiences

Risk profiles among juvenile justice-involved youth and associations with adverse childhood experiences

Poster presentation115Lorena Maneiro, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain

Room P4Fri 14:30 - 15:15

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are overrepresented in youth involved in the juvenile justice system. Yet there is limited research on the role of ACEs and how they relate to specific risk profiles in this population. This might help practitioners not only in the identification of “high-risk” profiles but also in the adaptation of trauma-informed interventions. The aim of the current study is to identify different subgroups of youth involved in the juvenile justice system based on a set of factors (e.g., family, peers, individual) and analyze their associations with ACEs (i.e., exposure to domestic violence, physical and emotional abuse, and neglect). The sample was composed of 231 juvenile offenders (73.2% males), aged 14-21. Data were collected by means of the Juvenile Offender’s Risk Assessment protocol (VRAI). The results of the latent profile analysis (LPA) showed a better fit for the five-class model, which classified individuals in five different subgroups according to their scores in ten risk and protective factors: 1) low-needs; 2) moderate-needs; 3) socio-familiar needs; 4) antisocial/drugs; and 5) high-antisocial. Some differences among subgroups emerged regarding ACEs. Specifically, the high-antisocial and antisocial/drugs scored higher in exposure to domestic violence, and in emotional abuse and physical abuse, respectively. Interestingly, the socio-familiar needs subgroup scored higher in neglect. These results are discussed in terms of implications for risk management.
Co-authors: Olalla Cutrín, Patricia Navas, Laura López-Romero

Assessment and treatment of young and/or adolescent offenders
adverse childhood experiences, juvenile offenders, risk management, risk profiles
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