Protective factors for children with serious problem behaviour: development of and initial findings with the SAPROF-Child Version

Protective factors for children with serious problem behaviour: development of and initial findings with the SAPROF-Child Version

Protective factors for children with serious problem behaviour: development of and initial findings with the SAPROF-Child Version

Individual presentation82Michiel de Vries Robbé, Amsterdam UMC/ VUmc, The Netherlands

Room 4BThu 14:00 - 15:30

Abstract:
The importance of protective factors for the effective assessment of serious problem behaviour in children is increasingly recognized. Complementing the existing risk-focused approach, the specific focus on protective factors offers new guidance to designing strength-based preventive interventions. In the footsteps of its older counterparts (SAPROF; SAPROF-Youth Version), a SAPROF-Child Version (SAPROF-CV) was developed explicitly for the assessment of protective factors for serious problem behaviour in children (age 6-15) to be used together with the risk-focused new version of the Early Assessment Risk List (EARL). In this presentation the SAPROF-CV is introduced and initial user experiences as well as interrater reliability findings with this new instrument are presented.

Presentation summary:
Risk assessment for children (age 6-15) is gradually being applied more widespread for children who display serious problem behaviour, such as aggressive and agitated behaviour or even violence towards others. In the development of the new version of the Early Assessment Risk List (EARL) for assessing risk factors for children there was also a clear demand from service providers for including a stronger focus on strengths or protective factors. The importance of protective factors for the effective assessment of violence risk in adults and juveniles has become increasingly recognized over the past decade. More and more research is becoming available to testify to the usefulness of protective factors in the risk assessment process. Following this approach, it also appears especially important in the assessment of serious problem behaviour in children to include a specific focus on protective factors and to offer guidance to designing strength-based preventive interventions, instead of a risk-only focused approach.

The request of clinicians for a specific protective factors assessment tool for younger individuals to be used alongside the (new) risk-focused EARL led to the development of the Structured Assessment of Protective Factors - Child Version (SAPROF-CV). The aim of the SAPROF-CV was to develop a checklist of protective factors empirically related to reduced future serious problem behaviour in children (6-15 years). In addition to the prerequisite that the factors in the SAPROF-CV are empirically well grounded, it was also considered important that the factors are of practical value for clinical and/or outpatient or supervision intervention practice.

In this session the SAPROF-CV will be introduced and its factors explained by means of a case example. In addition, initial user feedback will be shared, as well as findings from an interrater reliability study. The interrater reliability of the SAPROF-CV was tested on 40 case files of the Child Development Institute in Canada. Results from this study show good interrater reliability for the protective factors of the SAPROF-CV. Study results will be presented and the potential value of the SAPROF-CV for the treatment and supervision of children with serious problem behaviour will be discussed.
Co-authors: Ed Hilterman, Areti Smaragdi

Assessment and treatment of young and/or adolescent offenders
assessment, children, problem behaviour, protective factors
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